variable caused hidden issues

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variable caused hidden issues

Yuma Technical Inc.
For ages my Apache web server wound not work properly.

I spent a while configuring and installing web applications.  Like I’ve done on several other machines.
It was all working at this time.  Then I decided to use variables rather than hard-coded values.

When problems first arrived, I ran “apachectl -t”, to test the syntax - it said Syntax OK.  However each page that tried to visit (on my local machine) returned 403 Forbidden.

Due to other projects I ignored this and decided to fix it later.  (This also gave me space in the logs - so I could distinguish this issue.)

The logs just said the "client denied by server configuration: ” then said my document root.  This is quite general, but it indicated the problem was document root.  So I looked for a .htaccess file - was none, so I created an empty one - no difference.

Using trial and error, I swapped each variable with hard-coded values (reloading Apache, and testing each time).

Finally it worked after changing the “<Directory “ for my document root.  Quickly I examined it - looked OK.  Upon close examination, I had $(…} instead of ${…}.  A fine look revealed a parenthesis ( was used by mistake instead of a curly-brace {.

Yet apachectl -t said Syntax OK, the typo wasn’t picked-up.